Loss of Biodiversity
The biodiversity we see today is the result of 4.5 billion years of evolution. It forms the web of life, of which we are an integral part and upon which we so fully depend.
Most scientists agree that species are now disappearing hundreds, of even thousands, of times faster than the natural rate of extinction. The scientific community has repeatedly sounded the alarm on this crisis and its principal causes: habitat loss, over-exploitation, pollution and climate change.
The need to conserve biodiversity is applies to both the land and marine environment. While the primary biodiversity Goals (SDG 14 and 15) seek to conserve and sustainably use the land and marine environment, all 17 SDGs ultimately depend on healthy ecosystems and biodiversity. Yet, recent assessments show that the least progress is being made in achieving these two goals. There is an urgent need to value and recognize the contribution that nature makes to human wellbeing; and to develop and implement solutions that actively conserve or restore biodiversity in sustainable ways in order to address societal challenges like poverty, inequality and climate change.
(Adapted from UNEP and Biodiversity)