Intergovernmental Negotiations on SC Reform
Security Council (SC) reform has been a topic of discussion by Member States since the inception of the United Nations (UN). The main areas of discussion by Member States have recurrently been over permanent representation on the SC and the utilisation of the veto. Discussion on these issues elevated after the end of the Cold War. Formal discussion on reforming the UNSC began in 1993. General Assembly (GA) resolution A/RES/48/26 formalised the establishment of an Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) “to consider all aspects of the question of increase in the membership of the Security Council and other matters related to the Security Council". In 2007, GA Member States decided to advance discussions to an Intergovernmental Negotiations (IGN) process in the informal plenary of the GA. GA decision 62/557 laid out the mandate of the IGN on SC reform; with the five key issues for consideration being: categories of membership; the question of the veto; regional representation; size of an enlarged Security Council and working methods of the Council; and the relationship between the Council and the General Assembly. Following multiple meetings thereafter and the circulation of key documents — e.g Populated Framework Document, Elements of convergence etc. — the recent/2019 IGN meetings produced a key updated document for consideration entitled 'Revised Elements of Commonality and Issues for Further Consideration'. This document will form the basis for discussion in this simulation.