Illegal Trade in Wildlife and Wildlife Products
In the past decades an unprecedented growth of illegal wildlife trade has been administered by the UN. Illegal wildlife trade derives from driving factors such as habitat destroying and poaching, causing a devastating decrease in the number of wild species around the world. Wildlife and forest crime today, along with drug trafficking, arms and human trafficking, has become one of the largest illicit trafficking activities as it raises a profit estimated between $10 and $23 billion annually and is the fifth most profitable illegitimate trade globally. UN member states have recognized their responsibility in preventing this organized, criminal activity which negatively affects biodiversity, altering livelihoods while sustaining corruption and interstate conflicts. The UN has addressed the problem through the World Charter for Nature and as an important part of the 2030 UN Development Goals. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has dedicated the past 10 years to fight against organized wildlife and forest crime. They have formed an International Consortium on Combating Wildlife crime with 4 other international organizations in order to tackle the crime concerning wildlife and share their expertise. However, stricter measures have to be taken into considerations by stronger law enforcements and expanded livelihood opportunities. Delegates are urged to reach consensus on measures which will decrease the organized Illegal Wildlife Trade and safeguard the existing flora and fauna.