Combating child Labour in the Chocolate and Cocoa Industry
The United Nations defines child labour as work performed to the detriment and endangerment of children whom according to the Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) is anyone below the age of 15, 13 for light work, 18 for dangerous work and 16 under certain conditions. Worldwide, there are 152 million victims of child labour of which 73 million of them work under hazardous and extreme conditions which has and courses lasting effects on the victims of this.
Child labour is rife in cocoa rich regions especially in the chocolate production industry in west Africa, where there are more than 250 000 victims of child labour in these coca plantations. This exposes children to a number of inhuman conditions and violates children’s rights for it deprives all children who are victims of this ill an opportunity to access education and a decent livelihood.
The ILO has made a number of attempts to prevent and curb child labour especially in the cocoa production industry. but more needs to be done urgently.