Eradication of Poverty and Other Development Issues

Maurice Kirschbaum, Secretary, General Assembly Second Committee A

Committee Background

With the first Sustainable Development Goal being to eradicate poverty in all its forms everywhere, the coming decade will prove crucial in paving the way towards ending impoverishment. Setting global goals and creating the necessary tools to achieve them has been proven to be a successful strategy in poverty reduction. The Millennium Development Goals cut poverty in half from 1.9 billion to 836 million from 1990 to 2015. The coming challenges to be addressed in the Assembly will be to set such goals and identify the tools to fight poverty within the next decades. One important consideration to take into account, is that utmost of the previous achievements in fighting poverty can be attributed to the Chinese rural populations successfully lifting themselves out of poverty. The next steps will have to focus on the areas where the largest need exists, namely Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia. The key to addressing those areas will be found in the recent broadening of the definition of poverty, which is now measured through multidimensional indicators instead of simply through a person’s income.