Wildlife and forest crime
Wildlife and forest crime is an increasingly important global issue. The term wildlife and forest crime itself refers to the illicit trade, selling, smuggling, or exploitation of flora and fauna. Through the spread of transnational networks, similar to those used by human traffickers, wildlife smugglers are able to transport flora and fauna around the world. As a result, the illicit trade of wildlife has grown into one of the largest criminal enterprises in Asia and the Pacific region, generating USD 19.5 billion annually. Yet, wildlife and forest crime is still increasingly hard to account for due to the interconnected nature of the crime. Wildlife and forest crime is linked to corruption, other transnational crime networks, and continues to face inconsistent and often ineffective penalties around the world. The impact of forest and wildlife crime is palpable, contributing to the degradation of social and economic development, in addition to providing challenges to global security. During this simulation, delegates will address the growing need for regulatory frameworks, increasing abilities to uncover networks of such criminal enterprises, and creating greater global cooperation to combat this threat.